With Super Bowl Expected to Increase Problem, Lawmakers Takes Aim at Exploitation
Bipartisan legislation sponsored by Assembly Democrats Valerie Vainieri Huttle, Cleopatra Tucker, Peter Barnes III, Angel Fuentes, Linda Stender and Shavonda Sumter to crackdown on human trafficking has officially been signed into law.
The legislation (A-3352), known as the Human Trafficking Prevention, Protection and Treatment Act, builds upon more than a year’s worth of research and consultations with experts and advocates to tackle a growing crime that is estimated to claim up to 20 million victims worldwide.
“Human trafficking is a horrific crime that is vastly underreported, making it all that much harder to crack down on,” said Vainieri Huttle (D-Bergen). “Because the victims, often children and vulnerable women, are too afraid and dependent on traffickers to break their silence, human trafficking has remained largely in the shadows of society. Many times they are exploited for years and coerced into prostitution, labor, and drug activity. This law will help raise awareness and toughen prosecutorial tools, two key elements needed in the fight to end this modern day slavery.”
The sponsors noted that although the Division of Criminal Justice has reported 179 cases of sex and labor trafficking in New Jersey in the past seven years, experts estimate that there are actually thousands of incidents occurring each year in the state. On a national level, the U.S. State Department estimates that 50,000 men, women and children are trafficked into the United States annually, on top of the 100,000 victims who are already in the country when they are enslaved. This reporting discrepancy is often attributed to victims’ fear of coming forward.
Among the many important avenues of redress offered in the law for victims are:
- Unjust convictions can be removed from a survivor’s criminal record so they will no longer be denied housing, higher education, or a promising career because of convictions that occurred as a result of being trafficked.
- A 15-year-old sex trafficking victim will be able to testify against her trafficker via closed circuit television, saving her from a re-traumatizing confrontation.
- A survivor of labor trafficking whose abuse left him with years of medical bills can sue his trafficker for their cost.
- The National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline will be posted where victims are most likely to see it, putting them one phone call away from hope and help.
“Human trafficking is a vast and often highly secretive crime,” said Barnes (D-Middlesex), who chairs the Judiciary Committee. “We must be more coordinated and sophisticated to crack down on this illegal trade, especially with the Super Bowl headed our way in 2014. Statistics from other bowl games have shown a sharp increase in human trafficking leading up the event.”
The comprehensive law will crack down on every aspect of trafficking by revising and expanding the state’s current laws to create a new human trafficking commission, criminalize additional activities related to human trafficking, upgrade certain penalties on existing human trafficking or related crimes, increase protections afforded to victims of human trafficking, and provide for increased training and public awareness on human trafficking issues.
In drafting the legislation, Vainieri Huttle spent the better part of last year gathering input by meeting with experts and advocates, including the NJ Coalition against Human Trafficking, an alliance comprised of diverse organizations, including the Junior League, the NJ Catholic Conference, The League of Women Voters and the NJ State Association of Jewish Federations.
“With the importance President Obama has begun to place on this issue, the world is starting to wake up to the realities of this crime,” said Tucker (D-Essex). “It’s time for all of us to stand together and send a strong message to those that prey on the weak and vulnerable that we’re not going to take it anymore.”
Specifically, the law will establish a 15-member Commission on Human Trafficking, to be located in the Department of Law and Public Safety, which would evaluate existing laws concerning human trafficking and enforcement, as well as review existing victim assistance programs, and promote a coordinated response by public and private resources for victims of human trafficking.
“Human trafficking is not just a crime that touches on developing nations or those wishing to immigrate,” said Fuentes (D-Camden/Gloucester). “It is thriving in the United States and many victims are vulnerable teenagers targeted by predatory criminals looking to profit off their weaknesses. This law will help cut traffickers off at the knees and take away many of their resources.”
“I was proud to sponsor the first law in 2005 that cracked down on human trafficking because at the time there was little attention being paid to the issue,” said Stender (D-Middlesex/Somerset/ Union). “Now I’m pleased that this multi-pronged approach will increase penalties and fines and expand law enforcement training. By turning up the heat on these perpetrators and targeting many of the havens where human trafficking is able to fester, hopefully we can begin to put an end to this horrific industry.”
Additionally, the law will establish a separate, non-lapsing, dedicated fund known as the “Human Trafficking Survivor’s Assistance Fund,” which will be administered by the Attorney General’s Office with recommendations from the commission, to provide services to victims of human trafficking and promote awareness of the crime.
To that end, the law takes aim at those that promote or enable human trafficking by sharply increasing fines and penalties for activities associated with human trafficking. All fines collected will be deposited in the “Human Trafficking Survivor’s Assistance Fund,” including:
- Any form of criminal human trafficking, such as recruiting individuals or financing an operation, will be a crime of the first degree with a fine of at least $25,000;
- Anyone who knowingly owns, controls, manages, leases or supervises a premises where human trafficking is carried on, and fails to make a reasonable effort to eject the tenant or notify law enforcement authorities will be charged with a crime of the first degree, carrying a term of imprisonment of 10 to 20 years, a fine of at least $25,000, or both;
- Anyone who promotes prostitution by transporting a person into or within the state for that purpose or knowingly leases or permits a place to be used for that purpose will be charged with a crime of the third degree, punishable by imprisonment of three to five years; a fine of up to $15,000; or both;
- A person will be strictly liable for a crime of the first degree for holding, recruiting, luring, enticing, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining, by any means, a child under 18 years of age to engage in sexual activity, whether or not the actor mistakenly believed that the child was 18 years of age or older, even if that mistaken belief was reasonable; and
- Anyone who advertises commercial sexual abuse of a minor, such as escort services, will be charged with a crime of the first degree, punishable by imprisonment of 10 to 20 years, a fine of at least $25,000 but not more than $200,000; or both.
“Human trafficking is a crime against humanity,” said Sumter (D-Bergen/Passaic). “Perpetrators profit off the exploitation of the weak and vulnerable. This is not something that should be allowed to continue in 21st century society. It’s time to pull the rug out from under these profiteers and stand up for those who are being exploited.”
The law also provides an additional measure of redress for any person injured as a result of human trafficking by allowing them to file a civil claim regardless of whether or not a criminal prosecution of human trafficking occurred. The law will also create an expedited removal process for tenants engaged in human trafficking.
“There are two important messages contained in this law. To victims: You’re not alone. To perpetrators: We’re coming after you,” added Vainieri Huttle. “We’re taking a spotlight and shining it on this issue so that it can’t operate in the shadows anymore.”
Furthermore, the law establishes the Prostitution Offender Program, a “Johns School,” to educate anyone who has been convicted of engaging a prostitute about the health risks and legal ramifications of their unlawful activity. Each defendant will be subject to a penalty of $500, $200 of which will be deposited in the “Human Trafficking Survivor’s Assistance Fund” with another $200 being used to fund the program and $100 going to the arresting municipality to provide incentives for investigation and enforcement. The program is modeled after similar “john school” programs that have been implemented in Buffalo, New York; Brooklyn, New York; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and West Palm Beach, Florida.
The law also mandates law enforcement training on responding to the needs of victims of human trafficking.