Legislation Aimed at Protecting Consumers Via Insurance, Recordkeeping Requirements
Assemblymen Joseph Lagana, Troy Singleton and John Wisniewski on Wednesday announced that they will introduce legislation to protect customers of Uber, Lyft and other ride-hailing services.
“New Jersey has no safety and insurance standards whatsoever to govern an industry that has the potential to affect all motorists – regardless of whether or not they have a direct affiliation with a transportation network company. I admire the modernization these companies bring to transportation, but that does not excuse them from an obligation to conduct business safely,” said Lagana (D-Bergen/Passaic). “Residents of our state who take advantage of ride-hailing services must be able to do so without compromising their own well-being or that of other drivers on the road.”
The bill would establish statewide standards for transportation network companies (TNCs), including requirements regarding driver eligibility, insurance coverage and records retention. The sponsors noted that the uniformity inherent in the legislation would stabilize the market for TNCs in New Jersey, effectively dispelling discrepancies in standards across different municipalities.
“Ride-hailing companies provide a valuable service for individuals who may not otherwise have access to transportation, and clearly their business model is effective,” said Singleton (D-Burlington). “This legislation is aimed at striking a balance that makes public safety the first priority while also allowing transportation network companies to continue innovating.”
“Fundamentally, this is about creating statewide standards to eliminate confusion about how much insurance coverage is appropriate, who has jurisdiction over transportation network companies’ operations and what happens if there’s a dispute between a passenger and a driver,” said Wisniewski (D-Middlesex). “We have to create an environment in which these companies can meet the obvious demand while keeping all participants in the market safe.”
The bill outlines rules and regulations regarding:
General TNC Operations
- All TNCs would be required to secure a permit from the Motor Vehicle Commission. The permit application would require submission of proof of insurance, proof that the TNC is licensed to conduct business in New Jersey and a $50,000 permit fee, to be paid upon initial application and annually thereafter. The permit may be revoked if the TNC fails to comply with the bill’s provisions.
- TNCs must adopt a policy of non-discrimination on the basis of destination, race, color, national origin, religious belief or affiliation, sex, disability, age, sexual orientation or gender identity with respect to riders and potential riders.
- All passengers must have the option to receive a fare estimate prior to entering the driver’s vehicle.
- Drivers must be at least 21 years of age.
- Driver applications must include, at minimum, an applicant’s address, age and Social Security number and a copy of his or her license, registration and insurance.
- All applicants must undergo a Social Security number trace, driving record check and criminal background check prior to using the app as a driver. The following are among disqualifying crimes that would prohibit the applicant from driving with a transportation network company: homicide, sexual assault, driving under the influence, reckless driving and possession or sale of a controlled dangerous substance.
- A driver’s picture and license plate number must appear on the app prior to the passenger entering the vehicle.
- Drivers may only solicit rides that are prearranged through the transportation network company.
- Drivers must adhere to a zero-tolerance policy regarding the use of drugs and alcohol.
- A driver’s personal vehicle used to provide rides must meet New Jersey vehicle inspection requirements.
- Drivers must display an MVC-issued decal indicating that they are using the vehicle to provide rides via the TNC whenever logged on to the app.
- TNCs must inform drivers that their own private insurance policy may not provide coverage while they are logged on to the TNC network.
- The TNC, the driver or both must maintain a primary auto insurance policy that recognizes the driver as a TNC driver and covers the driver both while he or she is logged on to the app but without a passenger and while he or she is providing a ride.
- Each TNC must maintain a six-year history of individual prearranged rides as well as individual records of each driver for at least six years after the driver stops providing rides with the company.
- In the event of a complaint filed against a driver, the MVC or the Division of Consumer Affairs may inspect the company’s records to investigate and resolve the complaint.